Federal Funds Rate Historical Chart

The federal funds rate is the interest rate at which depository institutions trade federal funds (balances held at Federal Reserve Banks) with each other overnight. When a depository institution has surplus balances in its reserve account, it lends to other banks in need of larger balances.

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HSH grants permission to utilize this graph, providing that the graph and its contents are not altered in any way. Until December 2008, the Federal Reserve set an explicit target rate for the Federal Funds. Since that time, the central bank has instead expressed a target range for the overnight intrabank lending rate.

The Fed Funds Rate reported in the chart is based upon the Fed Funds Rate on the first day of each respective month. In 2019, the Federal Reserve’s Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) plans to hold its meetings on January 29-30, March 19-20, April 30-May 1, June 18-19, July 30-31, September 17-18, October 29-30, and December 10-11.

Historical Interest Rates Mortgage Mortgage rates have slowly started to rise, but it’s still a buyers market. As of March 2018, Freddie Mac pins the national average for a 30-year fixed rate mortgage at 4.44%. That’s not quite as good as the historic low of 3.31% from 2012, but it’s still fairly low in historic terms.

The charts below show the targeted fed funds rate changes since 1971. Until October 1979, the Federal Open Market Committee didn’t announce its target interest rate after meetings. The target rate was inferred by an archived chart published by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

Cheapest Fixed Rate Mortgages When we shopped around, we found lower rates at various banks. HSBC Bank, for instance, is offering a 30-year fixed-rate mortgage, with an APR of 4.03 percent. Wells Fargo offers an APR of 3.98.

About Federal funds target rate – Upper Bound A target interest rate set by the central bank in its efforts to influence short-term interest rates as part of its monetary policy strategy.

The Fed Funds Rate and Prime Rate are base lines for interest rates borrowers must pay to expand their businesses, or make large purchases. High rates slow borrowing and expansion, and vice versa. Fed Funds Rate historical data is shown in the above interest rate chart, to demonstrate the correlation with recessions and the stock market.

30 Year Fixed Mortgage Rate – Historical Chart. Interactive historical chart showing the 30 year fixed rate mortgage average in the United States since 1971. The current 30 year mortgage fixed rate as of July 2019 is 3.75.

The effective federal funds rate (EFFR) is calculated as a volume-weighted median of overnight federal funds transactions reported in the FR 2420 Report of selected money market Rates. a The New York Fed publishes the EFFR for the prior business day on the New York Fed’s website at approximately 9:00 a.m. b